The punishment of theft, and other trespasses. The law of lending without usury, of taking pledges of reverences to superiors, and of paying tithes.
1 If any man steal an ox or a sheep, and kill or sell it: he shall restore five oxen for one ox, and four sheep for one sheep.
Si quis furatus fuerit bovem aut ovem, et occiderit vel vendiderit : quinque boves pro uno bove restituet, et quatuor oves pro una ove.
2 If a thief be found breaking open a house or undermining it, and be wounded so as to die: he that slew him shall not be guilty of blood.
Si effringens fur domum sive suffodiens fuerit inventus, et accepto vulnere mortuus fuerit, percussor non erit reus sanguinis.
3 But if he did this when the sun is risen, he hath committed murder, and he shall die. If he have not wherewith to make restitution for the theft, he shall be sold.
Quod si orto sole hoc fecerit, homicidium perpetravit, et ipse morietur. Si non habuerit quod pro furto reddat, ipse venundabitur.
4 If that which he stole be found with him, alive, either ox, or ass, or sheep: he shall restore double.
Si inventum fuerit apud eum quod furatus est, vivens : sive bos, sive asinus, sive ovis, duplum restituet.
5 If any man hurt a field or a vineyard, and put in his beast to feed upon that which is other men's: he shall restore the best of whatsoever he hath in his own field, or in his vineyard, according to the estimation of the damage.
Si laeserit quispiam agrum vel vineam, et dimiserit jumentum suum ut depascatur aliena : quidquid optimum habuerit in agro suo, vel in vinea, pro damni aestimatione restituet.
6 If a fire breaking out light upon thorns, and catch stacks of corn, or corn standing in the fields, he that kindled the fire shall make good the loss.
Si egressus ignis invenerit spinas, et comprehenderit acervos frugum, sive stantes segetes in agris, reddet damnum qui ignem succenderit.
7 If a man deliver money, or any vessel unto his friend to keep, and they be stolen away from him that received them: if the thief be found he shall restore double:
Si quis commendaverit amico pecuniam aut vas in custodiam, et ab eo, qui susceperat, furto ablata fuerint : si invenitur fur, duplum reddet :
8 If the thief be not known, the master of the house shall be brought to the gods, and shall swear that he did not lay his hand upon his neighbour's goods,
si latet fur, dominus domus applicabitur ad deos, et jurabit quod non extenderit manum in rem proximi sui,
9 To do any fraud, either in ox, or in ass, or sheep, or raiment, or any thing that may bring damage: the cause of both parties shall come to the gods: and if they give judgment, he shall restore double to his neighbour.
ad perpetrandam fraudem, tam in bove quam in asino, et ove ac vestimento, et quidquid damnum inferre potest : ad deos utriusque causa perveniet, et si illi judicaverit, duplum restituet proximo suo.
10 If a man deliver ass, ox, sheep, or any beast, to his neighbour's custody, and it die, or be hurt, or be taken by enemies, and no man saw it:
Si quis commendaverit proximo suo asinum, bovem, ovem, et omne jumentum ad custodiam, et mortuum fuerit, aut debilitatum, vel captum ab hostibus, nullusque hoc viderit :
11 There shall be an oath between them, that he did not put forth his hand to his neighbour's goods: and the owner shall accept of the oath; and he shall not be compelled to make restitution.
jusjurandum erit in medio, quod non extenderit manum ad rem proximi sui : suscipietque dominus juramentum, et ille reddere non cogetur.
12 But if it were taken away by stealth, he shall make the loss good to the owner.
Quod si furto ablatum fuerit, restituet damnum domino;
13 If it were eaten by a beast, let him bring to him that which was slain, and he shall not make restitution.
si comestum a bestia, deferat ad eum quod occisum est, et non restituet.
14 If a man borrow of his neighbour any of these things, and it be hurt or die, the owner not being present, he shall be obliged to make restitution.
Qui a proximo suo quidquam horum mutuo postulaverit, et debilitatum aut mortuum fuerit domino non praesente, reddere compelletur.
15 But if the owner be present, he shall not make restitution, especially if it were hired and came for the hire of his work.
Quod si impraesentiarum dominus fuerit, non restituet, maxime si conductum venerat pro mercede operis sui.
16 If a man seduce a virgin not yet espoused, and lie with her: he shall endow her, and have her to wife.
Si seduxerit quis virginem necdum desponsatam, dormieritque cum ea : dotabit eam, et habebit eam uxorem.
17 If the maid's father will not give her to him, he shall give money according to the dowry, which virgins are wont to receive.
Si pater virginis dare noluerit, reddet pecuniam juxta modum dotis, quam virgines accipere consueverunt.
18 Wizards thou shalt not suffer to live.
Maleficos non patieris vivere.
19 Whosoever copulateth with a beast shall be put to death.
Qui coierit cum jumento, morte moriatur.
20 He that sacrificeth to gods, shall be put to death, save only to the Lord.
Qui immolat diis, occidetur, praeterquam Domino soli.
21 Thou shalt not molest a stranger, nor afflict him: for yourselves also were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Advenam non contristabis, neque affliges eum : advenae enim et ipsi fuistis in terra Aegypti.
22 You shall not hurt a widow or an orphan.
Viduae et pupillo non nocebitis.
23 If you hurt them they will cry out to me, and I will hear their cry:
Si laeseritis eos, vociferabuntur ad me, et ego audiam clamorem eorum :
24 And my rage shall be enkindled, and I will strike you with the sword, and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.
et indignabitur furor meus, percutiamque vos gladio, et erunt uxores vestrae viduae, et filii vestri pupilli.
25 If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor, that dwelleth with thee, thou shalt not be hard upon them as an extortioner, nor oppress them with usuries.
Si pecuniam mutuam dederis populo meo pauperi qui habitat tecum, non urgebis eum quasi exactor, nec usuris opprimes.
26 If thou take of thy neighbour a garment in pledge, thou shalt give it him again before sunset.
Si pignus a proximo tuo acceperis vestimentum, ante solis occasum reddes ei.
27 For that same is the only thing wherewith he is covered, the clothing of his body, neither hath he any other to sleep in: if he cry to me, I will hear him, because I am compassionate.
Ipsum enim est solum, quo operitur, indumentum carnis ejus, nec habet aliud in quo dormiat : si clamaverit ad me, exaudiam eum, quia misericors sum.
28 Thou shalt not speak ill of the gods, and the prince of thy people thou shalt not curse.
Diis non detrahes, et principi populi tui non maledices.
29 Thou shalt not delay to pay thy tithes and thy firstfruits: thou shalt give the firstborn of thy sons to me.
Decimas tuas et primitias tuas non tardabis reddere : primogenitum filiorum tuorum dabis mihi.
30 Thou shalt do the same with the firstborn of thy oxen also and sheep: seven days let it be with its dam, the eighth day thou shalt give it to me.
De bobus quoque, et ovibus similiter facies : septem diebus sit cum matre sua, die octava reddes illum mihi.
31 You shall be holy men to me: the flesh that beasts have tasted of before, you shall not eat, but shall cast it to the dogs.
Viri sancti eritis mihi : carnem, quae a bestiis fuerit praegustata, non comedetis, sed projicietis canibus.