Jonathan attacketh the Philistines. A miraculous victory. Saul's unadvised oath, by which Jonathan is put in danger of his life, but is delivered by the people.
1 Now it came to pass one day that Jonathan the son of Saul said to the young man that bore his armour: Come, and let us go over to the garrison of the Philistines, which is on the other side of yonder place. But he told not this to his father.
Et accidit quadam die ut diceret Jonathas filius Saul ad adolescentem armigerum suum : Veni, et transeamus ad stationem Philisthinorum, quae est trans locum illum. Patri autem suo hoc ipsum non indicavit.
2 And Saul abode in the uttermost part of Gabaa under the pomegranate tree, which was in Magron: and the people with him were about six hundred men.
Porro Saul morabatur in extrema parte Gabaa sub malogranato, quae erat in Magron : et erat populus cum eo quasi sexcentorum virorum.
3 And Achias the son of Achitob brother to Ichabod the son of Phinees, the son of Heli the priest of the Lord in Silo, wore the ephod. And the people knew not whither Jonathan was gone.
Et Achias filius Achitob fratris Ichabod filii Phinees, qui ortus fuerat ex Heli sacerdote Domini in Silo, portabat ephod. Sed et populus ignorabat quo isset Jonathas.
4 Now there were between the ascents, by which Jonathan sought to go over to the garrison of the Philistines, rocks standing up on both sides, and steep cliffs like teeth on the one side, and on the other, the name of the one was Boses, and the name of the other was Sene:
Erant autem inter ascensus, per quos nitebatur Jonathas transire ad stationem Philisthinorum, eminentes petrae ex utraque parte, et quasi in modum dentium scopuli hinc et inde praerupti, nomen uni Boses, et nomen alteri Sene :
5 One rock stood out towards the north over against Machmas, and the other to the south over against Gabaa.
unus scopulus prominens ad aquilonem ex adverso Machmas, et alter ad meridiem contra Gabaa.
6 And Jonathan said to the young man that bore his armour: Come, let us go over to the garrison of these uncircumcised, it may be the Lord will do for us, because it is easy for the Lord to save either by many, or by few.
Dixit autem Jonathas ad adolescentem armigerum suum : Veni, transeamus ad stationem incircumcisorum horum, si forte faciat Dominus pro nobis : quia non est Domino difficile salvare, vel in multis, vel in paucis.
7 And his armourbearer said to him: Do all that pleaseth thy mind: go whither thou wilt, and I will be with thee wheresoever thou hast a mind.
Dixitque ei armiger suus : Fac omnia quae placent animo tuo : perge quo cupis, et ero tecum ubicumque volueris.
8 And Jonathan said: Behold we will go over to these men. And when we shall be seen by them,
Et ait Jonathas : Ecce nos transimus ad viros istos. Cumque apparuerimus eis,
9 If they shall speak thus to us: Stay till we come to you: let us stand still in our place, and not go up to them.
si taliter locuti fuerint ad nos : Manete donec veniamus ad vos : stemus in loco nostro, nec ascendamus ad eos.
10 But if they shall say: Come up to us: let us go up, because the Lord hath delivered them into our hands, this shall be a sign unto us.
Si autem dixerint : Ascendite ad nos : ascendamus, quia tradidit eos Dominus in manibus nostris, hoc erit nobis signum.
11 So both of them discovered themselves to the garrison of the Philistines: and the Philistines said: Behold the Hebrews come forth out of the holes wherein they were hid.
Apparuit igitur uterque stationi Philisthinorum : dixeruntque Philisthiim : En Hebraei egrediuntur de cavernis, in quibus absconditi fuerant.
12 And the men of the garrison spoke to Jonathan, and to his armourbearer, and said: Come up to us, and we will shew you a thing. And Jonathan said to his armourbearer: Let us go up, follow me: for the Lord hath delivered them into the hands of Israel.
Et locuti sunt viri de statione ad Jonatham, et ad armigerum ejus, dixeruntque : Ascendite ad nos, et ostendemus vobis rem. Et ait Jonathas ad armigerum suum : Ascendamus, sequere me : tradidit enim Dominus eos in manus Israel.
13 And Jonathan went up creeping on his hands and feet, and his armourbearer after him. And some fell before Jonathan, others his armourbearer slew as he followed him.
Ascendit autem Jonathas manibus et pedibus reptans, et armiger ejus post eum. Itaque alii cadebant ante Jonatham, alios armiger ejus interficiebat sequens eum.
14 And the first slaughter which Jonathan and his armourbearer made, was of about twenty men, within half an acre of land, which a yoke of oxen is wont to plough in a day.
Et facta est plaga prima, qua percussit Jonathas et armiger ejus, quasi viginti virorum in media parte jugeri, quam par boum in die arare consuevit.
15 And there was a miracle in the camp, through the fields: yea and all the people of their garrison, who had gone out to plunder, were amazed, and the earth trembled: and it happened as a miracle from God.
Et factum est miraculum in castris, per agros : sed et omnis populus stationis eorum, qui ierant ad praedandum, obstupuit, et conturbata est terra : et accidit quasi miraculum a Deo.
16 And the watchmen of Saul, who were in Gabaa of Benjamin looked, and behold a multitude overthrown, and fleeing this way and that.
Et respexerunt speculatores Saul, qui erant in Gabaa Benjamin, et ecce multitudo prostrata, et huc illucque diffugiens.
17 And Saul said to the people that were with him: Look, and see who is gone from us. And when they had sought, it was found that Jonathan and his armourbearer were not there.
Et ait Saul populo, qui erat cum eo : Requirite, et videte quis abierit ex nobis. Cumque requisissent, repertum est non adesse Jonatham et armigerum ejus.
18 And Saul said to Achias: Bring the ark of the Lord. (For the ark of God was there that day with the children of Israel.)
Et ait Saul ad Achiam : Applica arcam Dei. ( Erat enim ibi arca Dei in die illa cum filiis Israel.)
19 And while Saul spoke to the priest, there arose a great uproar in the camp of the Philistines: and it increased by degrees, and was heard more clearly. And Saul said to the priest: Draw in thy hand.
Cumque loqueretur Saul ad sacerdotem, tumultus magnus exortus est in castris Philisthinorum : crescebatque paulatim, et clarius resonabat. Et ait Saul ad sacerdotem : Contrahe manum tuam.
20 Then Saul and all the people that were with him, shouted together, and they came to the place of the fight: and behold every man's sword was turned upon his neighbour, and there was a very great slaughter.
Conclamavit ergo Saul, et omnis populus, qui erat cum eo, et venerunt usque ad locum certaminis : et ecce versus fuerat gladius uniuscujusque ad proximum suum, et caedes magna nimis.
21 Moreover the Hebrews that had been with the Philistines yesterday and the day before, and went up with them into the camp, returned to be with the Israelites, who were with Saul and Jonathan.
Sed et Hebraei qui fuerant cum Philisthiim heri et nudiustertius, ascenderantque cum eis in castris, reversi sunt ut essent cum Israel, qui erant cum Saul et Jonatha.
22 And all the Israelites that had hid themselves in mount Ephraim, hearing that the Philistines fled, joined themselves with their countrymen in the fight. And there were with Saul about ten thousand men.
Omnes quoque Israelitae, qui se absconderant in monte Ephraim, audientes quod fugissent Philisthaei, sociaverunt se cum suis in praelio. Et erant cum Saul, quasi decem millia virorum.
23 And the Lord saved Israel that day. And the fight went on as far as Bethaven.
Et salvavit Dominus in die illa Israel : pugna autem pervenit usque ad Bethaven.
24 And the men of Israel were joined together that day; and Saul adjured the people, saying: Cursed be the man that shall eat food till evening, till I be revenged of my enemies. So none of the people tasted any food:
Et viri Israel sociati sunt sibi in die illa : adjuravit autem Saul populum, dicens : Maledictus vir, qui comederit panem usque ad vesperam, donec ulciscar de inimicis meis. Et non manducavit universus populus panem :
25 And all the common people came into a forest, in which there was honey upon the ground.
omneque terrae vulgus venit in saltum, in quo erat mel super faciem agri.
26 And when the people came into the forest, behold the honey dropped, but no man put his hand to his mouth. For the people feared the oath.
Ingressus est itaque populus saltum, et apparuit fluens mel, nullusque applicuit manum ad os suum : timebat enim populus juramentum.
27 But Jonathan had not heard when his father adjured the people: and he put forth the end of the rod, which he had in his hand, and dipt it in a honeycomb: and he carried his hand to his mouth, and his eyes were enlightened.
Porro Jonathas non audierat cum adjuraret pater ejus populum : extenditque summitatem virgae, quam habebat in manu, et intinxit in favum mellis : et convertit manum suam ad os suum, et illuminati sunt oculi ejus.
28 And one of the people answering, said: Thy father hath bound the people with an oath, saying: Cursed be the man that shall eat any food this day. (And the people were faint.)
Respondensque unus de populo, ait : Jurejurando constrinxit pater tuus populum, dicens : Maledictus vir, qui comederit panem hodie ( defecerat autem populus).
29 And Jonathan said: My father hath troubled the land: you have seen yourselves that my eyes are enlightened, because I tasted a little of this honey:
Dixitque Jonathas : Turbavit pater meus terram : vidistis ipsi quia illuminati sunt oculi mei, eo quod gustaverim paululum de melle isto :
30 How much more if the people had eaten of the prey of their enemies, which they found? had there not been made a greater slaughter among the Philistines?
quanto magis si comedisset populus de praeda inimicorum suorum, quam reperit? nonne major plaga facta fuisset in Philisthiim?
31 So they smote that day the Philistines from Machmas to Ailon. And the people were wearied exceedingly.
Percusserunt ergo in die illa Philisthaeos a Machmis usque in Aialon. Defatigatus est autem populus nimis :
32 And falling upon the spoils, they took sheep, and oxen, and calves, and slew them on the ground: and the people ate them with the blood.
et versus ad praedam tulit oves, et boves, et vitulos, et mactaverunt in terra : comeditque populus cum sanguine.
33 And they told Saul that the people had sinned against the Lord, eating with the blood. And he said: You have transgressed: roll here to me now a great stone.
Nuntiaverunt autem Sauli dicentes quod populus peccasset Domino, comedens cum sanguine. Qui ait : Praevaricati estis : volvite ad me jam nunc saxum grande.
34 And Saul said: Disperse yourselves among the people, and tell them to bring me every man his ox and his ram, and slay them upon this stone, and eat, and you shall not sin against the Lord in eating with the blood. So all the people brought every man his ox with him till the night: and slew them there.
Et dixit Saul : Dispergimini in vulgus, et dicite eis ut adducat ad me unusquisque bovem suum et arietem, et occidite super istud, et vescimini, et non peccabitis Domino comedentes cum sanguine. Adduxit itaque omnis populus unusquisque bovem in manu sua usque ad noctem : et occiderunt ibi.
35 And Saul built an altar to the Lord and he then first began to build an altar to the Lord.
Aedificavit autem Saul altare Domino, tuncque primum coepit aedificare altare Domino.
36 And Saul said: Let us fall upon the Philistines by night, and destroy them till the morning light, and let us not leave a man of them. And the people said: Do all that seemeth good in thy eyes. And the priest said: Let us draw near hither unto God.
Et dixit Saul : Irruamus super Philisthaeos nocte, et vastemus eos usque dum illucescat mane, nec relinquamus ex eis virum. Dixitque populus : Omne quod bonum videtur in oculis tuis, fac. Et ait sacerdos : Accedamus huc ad Deum.
37 And Saul consulted the Lord: Shall I pursue after the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into the hands of Israel? And he answered him not that day.
Et consuluit Saul Dominum : Num persequar Philisthiim? si trades eos in manus Israel? Et non respondit ei in die illa.
38 And Saul said: Bring hither all the corners of the people: and know, and see by whom this sin hath happened today.
Dixitque Saul : Applicate huc universos angulos populi : et scitote, et videte per quem acciderit peccatum hoc hodie.
39 As the Lord liveth who is the saviour of Israel, if it was done by Jonathan my son, he shall surely die. In this none of the people gainsaid him.
Vivit Dominus salvator Israel, quia si per Jonatham filium meum factum est, absque retractione morietur. Ad quod nullus contradixit ei de omni populo.
40 And he said to all Israel: Be you on one side, and I with Jonathan my son will be on the other side. And the people answered Saul: Do what seemeth good in thy eyes.
Et ait ad universum Israel : Separamini vos in partem unam, et ego cum Jonatha filio meo ero in parte altera. Responditque populus ad Saul : Quod bonum videtur in oculis tuis, fac.
41 And Saul said to the Lord: O Lord God of Israel, give a sign, by which we may know, what the meaning is, that thou answerest not thy servant today. If this iniquity be in me, or in my son Jonathan, give a proof: or if this iniquity be in thy people, give holiness. And Jonathan and Saul were taken, and the people escaped.
Et dixit Saul ad Dominum Deum Israel : Domine Deus Israel, da indicium : quid est quod non responderis servo tuo hodie? Si in me, aut in Jonatha filio meo, est iniquitas haec, da ostensionem : aut si haec iniquitas est in populo tuo, da sanctitatem. Et deprehensus est Jonathas ad Saul, populus autem exivit.
42 And Saul said: Cast lots between me, and Jonathan my son. And Jonathan was taken.
Et ait Saul : Mittite sortem inter me, et inter Jonatham filium meum. Et captus est Jonathas.
43 And Saul said to Jonathan: Tell me what thou hast done. And Jonathan told him, and said: I did but taste a little honey with the end of the rod, which was in my hand, and behold I must die.
Dixit autem Saul ad Jonatham : Indica mihi quid feceris. Et indicavit ei Jonathas, et ait : Gustans gustavi in summitate virgae, quae erat in manu mea, paululum mellis, et ecce ego morior.
44 And Saul said: May God do so and so to me, and add still more: for dying thou shalt die, O Jonathan.
Et ait Saul : Haec faciat mihi Deus, et haec addat, quia morte morieris Jonatha.
45 And the people said to Saul: Shall Jonathan then die, who hath wrought this great salvation in Israel? This must not be. As the Lord liveth, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground, for he hath wrought with God this day. So the people delivered Jonathan, that he should not die.
Dixitque populus ad Saul : Ergone Jonathas morietur, qui fecit salutem hanc magnam in Israel? hoc nefas est : vivit Dominus, si ceciderit capillus de capite ejus in terram, quia cum Deo operatus est hodie. Liberavit ergo populus Jonatham, ut non moreretur.
46 And Saul went back, and did not pursue after the Philistines: and the Philistines went to their own places.
Recessitque Saul, nec persecutus est Philisthiim : porro Philisthiim abierunt in loca sua.
47 And Saul having his kingdom established over Israel, fought against all his enemies round about, against Moab, and against the children of Ammon, and Edom, and the kings of Soba, and the Philistines; and whithersoever he turned himself, he overcame.
Et Saul, confirmato regno super Israel, pugnabat per circuitum adversum omnes inimicos ejus, contra Moab, et filios Ammon, et Edom, et reges Soba, et Philisthaeos : et quocumque se verterat, superabat.
48 And gathering together an army, he defeated Amalec, and delivered Israel from the hand of them that spoiled them.
Congregatoque exercitu, percussit Amalec, et eruit Israel de manu vastatorum ejus.
49 And the sons of Saul, were Jonathan, and Jessui, and Melchisua: and the names of his two daughters, the name of the firstborn was Merob, and the name of the younger Michol.
Fuerunt autem filii Saul, Jonathas, et Jessui, et Melchisua : et nomina duarum filiarum ejus, nomen primogenitae Merob, et nomen minoris Michol.
50 And the name of Saul's wife, was Achinoam the daughter of Achimaas; and the name of the captain of his army was Abner, the son of Ner, the cousin german of Saul.
Et nomen uxoris Saul Achinoam filia Achimaas : et nomen principis militiae ejus Abner, filius Ner, patruelis Saul.
51 For Cis was the father of Saul, and Ner the father of Abner, was son of Abiel.
Porro Cis fuit pater Saul, et Ner pater Abner, filius Abiel.
52 And there was a great war against the Philistines all the days of Saul. For whomsoever Saul saw to be a valiant man, and fit for war, he took him to himself.
Erat autem bellum potens adversum Philisthaeos omnibus diebus Saul. Nam quemcumque viderat Saul virum fortem, et aptum ad praelium, sociabat eum sibi.