The cities of refuge. Wilful murder, and false witnesses must be punished.
1 When the Lord thy God hath destroyed the nations, whose land he will deliver to thee, and thou shalt possess it, and shalt dwell in the cities and houses thereof:
Cum disperdiderit Dominus Deus tuus gentes, quarum tibi traditurus est terram, et possederis eam, habitaverisque in urbibus ejus et in aedibus :
2 Thou shalt separate to thee three cities in the midst of the land, which the Lord will give thee in possession,
tres civitates separabis tibi in medio terrae, quam Dominus Deus tuus dabit tibi in possessionem,
3 Paving diligently the way: and thou shalt divide the whole province of thy land equally into three parts: that he who is forced to flee for manslaughter, may have near at hand whither to escape.
sternens diligenter viam : et in tres aequaliter partes totam terrae tuae provinciam divides : ut habeat e vicino qui propter homicidium profugus est, quo possit evadere.
4 This shall be the law of the slayer that fleeth, whose life is to be saved: He that killeth his neighbour ignorantly, and who is proved to have had no hatred against him yesterday and the day before:
Haec erit lex homicidae fugientis, cujus vita servanda est : qui percusserit proximum suum nesciens, et qui heri et nudiustertius nullum contra eum odium habuisse comprobatur :
5 But to have gone with him to the wood to hew wood, and in cutting down the tree the axe slipped out of his hand, and the iron slipping from the handle struck his friend, and killed him: he shall flee to one of the cities aforesaid, and live:
sed abiisse cum eo simpliciter in silvam ad ligna caedenda, et in succisione lignorum securis fugerit manu, ferrumque lapsum de manubrio amicum ejus percusserit, et occiderit : hic ad unam supradictarum urbium confugiet, et vivet :
6 Lest perhaps the next kinsman of him whose blood was shed, pushed on by his grief should pursue, and apprehend him. if the way be too long, and take away the life of him who is not guilty of death, because he is proved to have had no hatred before against him that was slain.
ne forsitan proximus ejus, cujus effusus est sanguis, dolore stimulatus, persequatur, et apprehendat eum si longior via fuerit, et percutiat animam ejus, qui non est reus mortis : quia nullum contra eum, qui occisus est, odium prius habuisse monstratur.
7 Therefore I command thee, that thou separate three cities at equal distance one from another.
Idcirco praecipio tibi, ut tres civitates aequalis inter se spatii dividas.
8 And when the Lord thy God shall have enlarged thy borders, as he swore to thy fathers, and shall give thee all the land that he promised them,
Cum autem dilataverit Dominus Deus tuus terminos tuos, sicut juravit patribus tuis, et dederit tibi cunctam terram, quam eis pollicitus est
9 (Yet so, if thou keep his commandments, and do the things which I command thee this day, that thou love the Lord thy God, and walk in his ways at all times) thou shalt add to thee other three cities, and shalt double the number of the three cities aforesaid:
( si tamen custodieris mandata ejus, et feceris, quae hodie praecipio tibi, ut diligas Dominum Deum tuum, et ambules in viis ejus omni tempore), addes tibi tres alias civitates, et supradictarum trium urbium numerum duplicabis :
10 That innocent blood may not be shed in the midst of the land which the Lord thy God will give thee to possess, lest thou be guilty of blood.
ut non effundatur sanguis innoxius in medio terrae, quam Dominus Deus tuus dabit tibi possidendam, ne sis sanguinis reus.
11 But if any man hating his neighbour, lie in wait for his life, and rise and strike him, and he die, and he flee to one of the cities aforesaid,
Si quis autem, odio habens proximum suum, insidiatus fuerit vitae ejus, surgensque percusserit illum, et mortuus fuerit, fugeritque ad unam de supradictis urbibus,
12 The ancients of his city shall send, and take him out of the place of refuge, and shall deliver him into the hand of the kinsman of him whose blood was shed, and he shall die.
mittent seniores civitatis illius, et arripient eum de loco effugii, tradentque in manu proximi, cujus sanguis effusus est, et morietur.
13 Thou shalt not pity him, and thou shalt take away the guilt of innocent blood out of Israel, that it may be well with thee.
Non miseraberis ejus, et auferes innoxium sanguinem de Israel, ut bene sit tibi.
14 Thou shalt not take nor remove thy neighbour's landmark, which thy predecessors have set in thy possession. which the Lord thy God will give thee in the land that thou shalt receive to possess.
Non assumes, et transferes terminos proximi tui, quos fixerunt priores in possessione tua, quam Dominus Deus tuus dabit tibi in terra quam acceperis possidendam.
15 One witness shall not rise up against any man, whatsoever the sin or wickedness be: but in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word shall stand.
Non stabit testis unus contra aliquem, quidquid illud peccati, et facinoris fuerit : sed in ore duorum aut trium testium stabit omne verbum.
16 If a lying witness stand against a man, accusing him of transgression,
Si steterit testis mendax contra hominem, accusans eum praevaricationis,
17 Both of them, between whom the controversy is, shall stand before the Lord in the sight of the priests and the judges that shall be in those days.
stabunt ambo, quorum causa est, ante Dominum in conspectu sacerdotum et judicum qui fuerint in diebus illis.
18 And when after most diligent inquisition, they shall find that the false witness hath told a lie against his brother:
Cumque diligentissime perscrutantes, invenerint falsum testem dixisse contra fratrem suum mendacium,
19 They shall render to him as he meant to do to his brother, and thou shalt take away the evil out of the midst of thee:
reddent ei sicut fratri suo facere cogitavit, et auferes malum de medio tui :
20 That others hearing may fear, and may not dare to do such things.
ut audientes ceteri timorem habeant, et nequaquam talia audeant facere.
21 Thou shalt not pity him, but shalt require life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.
Non misereberis ejus, sed animam pro anima, oculum pro oculo, dentem pro dente, manum pro manu, pedem pro pede exiges.