By the example of the Israelites, he shews that we are not to build too much upon favours received but to avoid their sins and fly from the service of idols and from things offered to idols.
1 For I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea.
Nolo enim vos ignorare fratres, quoniam patres nostri omnes sub nube fuerunt, et omnes mare transierunt,
2 And all in Moses were baptized, in the cloud, and in the sea:
et omnes in Moyse baptizati sunt in nube, et in mari :
3 And did all eat the same spiritual food,
et omnes eamdem escam spiritalem manducaverunt,
4 And all drank the same spiritual drink; (and they drank of the spiritual rock that followed them, and the rock was Christ.)
et omnes eumdem potum spiritalem biberunt ( bibebant autem de spiritali, consequente eos, petra : petra autem erat Christus) :
5 But with most of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the desert.
sed non in pluribus eorum beneplacitum est Deo : nam prostrati sunt in deserto.
6 Now these things were done in a figure of us, that we should not covet evil things as they also coveted.
Haec autem in figura facta sunt nostri, ut non simus concupiscentes malorum, sicut et illi concupierunt.
7 Neither become ye idolaters, as some of them, as it is written: The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.
Neque idololatrae efficiamini, sicut quidam ex ipsis : quemadmodum scriptum est : Sedit populus manducare, et bibere, et surrexerunt ludere.
8 Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed fornication, and there fell in one day three and twenty thousand.
Neque fornicemur, sicut quidam ex ipsis fornicati sunt, et ceciderunt una die viginti tria millia.
9 Neither let us tempt Christ: as some of them tempted, and perished by the serpents.
Neque tentemus Christum, sicut quidam eorum tentaverunt, et a serpentibus perierunt.
10 Neither do you murmur: as some of them murmured, and were destroyed by the destroyer.
Neque murmuraveritis, sicut quidam eorum murmuraverunt, et perierunt ab exterminatore.
11 Now all these things happened to them in figure: and they are written for our correction, upon whom the ends of the world are come.
Haec autem omnia in figura contingebant illis : scripta sunt autem ad correptionem nostram, in quos fines saeculorum devenerunt.
12 Wherefore he that thinketh himself to stand, let him take heed lest he fall.
Itaque qui se existimat stare, videat ne cadat.
13 Let no temptation take hold on you, but such as is human. And God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that which you are able: but will make also with temptation issue, that you may be able to bear it.
Tentatio vos non apprehendat nisi humana : fidelis autem Deus est, qui non patietur vos tentari supra id quod potestis, sed faciet etiam cum tentatione proventum ut possitis sustinere.
14 Wherefore, my dearly beloved, fly from the service of idols.
Propter quod, carissimi mihi, fugite ab idolorum cultura :
15 I speak as to wise men: judge ye yourselves what I say.
ut prudentibus loquor, vos ipsi judicate quod dico.
16 The chalice of benediction, which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? And the bread, which we break, is it not the partaking of the body of the Lord?
Calix benedictionis, cui benedicimus, nonne communicatio sanguinis Christi est? et panis quem frangimus, nonne participatio corporis Domini est?
17 For we, being many, are one bread, one body, all that partake of one bread.
Quoniam unus panis, unum corpus multi sumus, omnes qui de uno pane participamus.
18 Behold Israel according to the flesh: are not they, that eat of the sacrifices, partakers of the altar?
Videte Israel secundum carnem : nonne qui edunt hostias, participes sunt altaris?
19 What then? Do I say, that what is offered in sacrifice to idols, is any thing? Or, that the idol is any thing?
Quid ergo? dico quod idolis immolatum sit aliquid? aut quod idolum, sit aliquid?
20 But the things which the heathens sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God. And I would not that you should be made partakers with devils.
Sed quae immolant gentes, daemoniis immolant, et non Deo. Nolo autem vos socios fieri daemoniorum :
21 You cannot drink the chalice of the Lord, and the chalice of devils: you cannot be partakers of the table of the Lord, and of the table of devils.
non potestis calicem Domini bibere, et calicem daemoniorum; non potestis mensae Domini participes esse, et mensae daemoniorum.
22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? Are we stronger than he? All things are lawful for me, but all things are not expedient.
An aemulamur Dominum? numquid fortiores illo sumus? Omnia mihi licent, sed non omnia expediunt.
23 All things are lawful for me, but all things do not edify.
Omnia mihi licent, sed non omnia aedificat.
24 Let no man seek his own, but that which is another's.
Nemo quod suum est quaerat, sed quod alterius.
25 Whatsoever is sold in the shambles, eat; asking no question for conscience' sake.
Omne quod in macello venit, manducate, nihil interrogantes propter conscientiam.
26 The earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof.
Domini est terra, et plenitudo ejus.
27 If any of them that believe not, invite you, and you will be willing to go; eat of any thing that is set before you, asking no question for conscience' sake.
Si quis vocat vos infidelium, et vultis ire : omne quod vobis apponitur, manducate, nihil interrogantes propter conscientiam.
28 But if any man say: This has been sacrificed to idols, do not eat of it for his sake that told it, and for conscience' sake.
Si quis autem dixerit : Hoc immolatum est idolis : nolite manducare propter illum qui indicavit, et propter conscientiam :
29 Conscience, I say, not thy own, but the other's. For why is my liberty judged by another man's conscience?
conscientiam autem dico non tuam, sed alterius. Ut quid enim libertas mea judicatur ab aliena conscientia?
30 If I partake with thanksgiving, why am I evil spoken of, for that for which I give thanks?
Si ego cum gratia participo, quid blasphemor pro eo quod gratias ago?
31 Therefore, whether you eat or drink, or whatsoever else you do, do all to the glory of God.
Sive ergo manducatis, sive bibitis, sive aliud quid facitis : omnia in gloriam Dei facite.
32 Be without offence to the Jews, and to the Gentiles, and to the church of God:
Sine offensione estote Judaeis, et gentibus, et ecclesiae Dei :
33 As I also in all things please all men, not seeking that which is profitable to myself, but to many, that may be saved.
sicut et ego per omnia omnibus placeo, non quaerens quod mihi utile est, sed quod multis : ut salvi fiant.