Jonathan renews his league with the Romans and Lacedemonians. The forces of Demetrius flee away from him. He is deceived and made prisoner by Tryphon.
1 And Jonathan saw that the time served him, and he chose certain men and sent them to Rome, to confirm and to renew the amity with them:
Et vidit Jonathas quia tempus eum juvat, et elegit viros, et misit eos Romam statuere et renovare cum eis amicitiam :
2 And he sent letters to the Spartans, and to other places according to the same form.
et ad Spartiatas, et ad alia loca misit epistolas secundum eamdem formam :
3 And they went to Rome, and entered into the senate house, and said: Jonathan the high priest, and the nation of the Jews have sent us to renew the amity, and alliance as it was before.
et abierunt Romam, et intraverunt curiam, et dixerunt : Jonathas summus sacerdos, et gens Judaeorum miserunt nos, ut renovaremus amicitiam et societatem secundum pristinum.
4 And they gave them letters to their governors in every place, to conduct them into the land of Juda with peace.
Et dederunt illis epistolas ad ipsos per loca, ut deducerent eos in terram Juda cum pace.
5 And this is a copy of the letters which Jonathan wrote to the Spartans:
Et hoc est exemplum epistolarum, quas scripsit Jonathas Spartiatis :
6 Jonathan the high priest, and the ancients of the nation, and the priests, and the rest of the people of the Jews, to the Spartans, their brethren, greeting.
Jonathas summus sacerdos, et seniores gentis, et sacerdotes, et reliquus populus Judaeorum, Spartiatis fratribus salutem.
7 There were letters sent long ago to Onias the high priest from Arius who reigned then among you, to signify that you are our brethren, as the copy here underwritten doth specify.
Jampridem missae erant epistolae ad Oniam summum sacerdotem ab Ario, qui regnabat apud vos, quoniam estis fratres nostri, sicut rescriptum continet, quod subjectum est.
8 And Onias received the ambassador with honour: and received the letters wherein there was mention made of the alliance, and amity.
Et suscepit Onias virum, qui missus fuerat, cum honore : et accepit epistolas, in quibus significabatur de societate et amicitia.
9 We, though we needed none of these things, having for our comfort the holy books that are in our hands,
Nos cum nullo horum indigeremus, habentes solatio sanctos libros, qui sunt in manibus nostris,
10 Chose rather to send to you to renew the brotherhood and friendship, lest we should become strangers to you altogether: for there is a long time passed since you sent to us.
maluimus mittere ad vos renovare fraternitatem et amicitiam, ne forte alieni efficiamur a vobis : multa enim tempora transierunt, ex quo misistis ad nos.
11 We therefore at all times without ceasing, both in our festivals, and other days, wherein it is convenient, remember you in the sacrifices that we offer, and in our observances, as it is meet, and becoming to remember brethren.
Nos ergo in omni tempore sine intermissione in diebus solemnibus, et ceteris, quibus oportet, memores sumus vestri in sacrificiis quae offerimus, et in observationibus, sicut fas est, et decet meminisse fratrum.
12 And we rejoice at your glory.
Laetamur itaque de gloria vestra.
13 But we have had many troubles and wars on every side, and the kings that are round about us, have fought against us.
Nos autem circumdederunt multae tribulationes, et multa praelia, et impugnaverunt nos reges qui sunt in circuitu nostro.
14 But we would not be troublesome to you, nor the rest of our allies and friends in these wars.
Noluimus ergo vobis molesti esse, neque ceteris sociis et amicis nostris in his praeliis :
15 For we have had help from heaven, and we have been delivered, and our enemies are humbled.
habuimus enim de caelo auxilium, et liberati sumus nos, et humiliati sunt inimici nostri.
16 We have chosen therefore Numenius the son of Antiochus, and Antipater the son of Jason, and have sent them to the Romans to renew with them the former amity and alliance.
Elegimus itaque Numenium Antiochi filium, et Antipatrem Jasonis filium, et misimus ad Romanos renovare cum eis amicitiam et societatem pristinam.
17 And we have commanded them to go also to you, and to salute you, and to deliver you our letters, concerning the renewing of our brotherhood.
Mandavimus itaque eis ut veniant etiam ad vos, et salutent vos, et reddant vobis epistolas nostras de innovatione fraternitatis nostrae.
18 And now you shall do well to give us an answer hereto.
Et nunc benefacietis respondentes nobis ad haec.
19 And this is the copy of the letter which he had sent to Onias:
Et hoc est rescriptum epistolarum quod miserat Oniae :
20 Arius king of the Spartans to Onias the high priest, greeting.
Arius rex Spartiatarum Oniae sacerdoti magno salutem.
21 It is found in writing concerning the Spartans, and the Jews, that they are brethren, and that they are of the stock of Abraham.
Inventum est in scriptura de Spartiatis, et Judaeis, quoniam sunt fratres, et quod sunt de genere Abraham.
22 And now since this is come to our knowledge, you do well to write to us of your prosperity.
Et nunc ex quo haec cognovimus, benefacitis scribentes nobis de pace vestra.
23 And we also have written back to you: That our cattle, and our possessions are yours: and yours, ours. We therefore have commanded that these things should be told you.
Sed et nos rescripsimus vobis : Pecora nostra, et possessiones nostrae, vestrae sunt : et vestrae, nostrae : mandavimus itaque haec nuntiari vobis.
24 Now Jonathan heard that the generals of Demetrius were come again with a greater army than before to fight against him.
Et audivit Jonathas quoniam regressi sunt principes Demetrii cum exercitu multo supra quam prius, pugnare adversus eum :
25 So he went out from Jerusalem, and met them in the land of Amath: for he gave them no time to enter into his country.
et exiit ab Jerusalem, et occurrit eis in Amathite regione : non enim dederat eis spatium ut ingrederentur regionem ejus.
26 And he sent spies into their camp, and they came back and brought him word that they designed to come upon them in the night.
Et misit speculatores in castra eorum : et reversi renuntiaverunt quod constituunt supervenire illis nocte.
27 And when the sun was set, Jonathan commanded his men to watch, and to be in arms all night long ready to fight, and he set sentinels round about the camp.
Cum occidisset autem sol, praecepit Jonathas suis vigilare, et esse in armis paratos ad pugnam tota nocte : et posuit custodes per circuitum castrorum.
28 And the enemies heard that Jonathan and his men were ready for battle, and they were struck with fear, and dread in their heart: and they kindled fires in their camp.
Et audierunt adversarii quod paratus est Jonathas cum suis in bello : et timuerunt, et formidaverunt in corde suo : et accenderunt focos in castris suis.
29 But Jonathan and they that were with him knew it not till the morning: for they saw the lights burning.
Jonathas autem, et qui cum eo erant, non cognoverunt usque mane : videbant autem luminaria ardentia,
30 And Jonathan pursued after them, but overtook them not: for they had passed the river Eleutherus.
et secutus est eos Jonathas, et non comprehendit eos : transierant enim flumen Eleutherum.
31 And Jonathan turned upon the Arabians that are called Zabadeans: and he defeated them, and took the spoils of them.
Et divertit Jonathas ad Arabas, qui vocantur Zabadaei : et percussit eos, et accepit spolia eorum.
32 And he went forward, and came to Damascus, and passed through all that country.
Et junxit, et venit Damascum, et perambulabat omnem regionem illam.
33 Simon also went forth, and came as far as Ascalon, and the neighbouring fortresses, and he turned aside to Joppe, and took possession of it,
Simon autem exiit, et venit usque ad Ascalonem, et ad proxima praesidia : et declinavit in Joppen, et occupavit eam
34 (For he heard that they designed to deliver the hold to them that took part with Demetrius,) and he put a garrison there to keep it.
( audivit enim quod vellent praesidium tradere partibus Demetrii), et posuit ibi custodes ut custodirent eam.
35 And Jonathan came back, and called together the ancients of the people, and he took a resolution with them to build fortresses in Judea,
Et reversus est Jonathas, et convocavit seniores populi, et cogitavit cum eis aedificare praesidia in Judaea,
36 And to build up walls in Jerusalem, and raise a mount between the castle and the city, to separate it from the city, that so it might have no communication, and that they might neither buy nor sell.
et aedificare muros in Jerusalem, et exaltare altitudinem magnam inter medium arcis et civitatis, ut separaret eam a civitate, ut esset ipsa singulariter, et neque emant, neque vendant.
37 And they came together to build up the city: for the wall that was upon the brook towards the east was broken down, and he repaired that which is called Caphetetha:
Et convenerunt ut aedificarent civitatem : et cecidit murus qui erat super torrentem ab ortu solis, et reparavit eum, qui vocatur Caphetetha :
38 And Simon built Adiada in Sephela, and fortified it, and set up gates and bars.
et Simon aedificavit Adiada in Sephela, et munivit eam, et imposuit portas et seras.
39 Now when Tryphon had conceived a design to make himself king of Asia, and to take the crown, and to stretch out his hand against king Antiochus:
Et cum cogitasset Tryphon regnare Asiae, et assumere diadema, et extendere manum in Antiochum regem :
40 Fearing lest Jonathan would not suffer him, but would fight against him: he sought to seize upon him, and to kill him. So he rose up and came to Bethsan.
timens ne forte non permitteret eum Jonathas, sed pugnaret adversus eum, quaerebat comprehendere eum, et occidere. Et exsurgens abiit in Bethsan.
41 And Jonathan went out to meet him with forty thousand men chosen for battle, and came to Bethsan.
Et exivit Jonathas obviam illi cum quadraginta millibus virorum electorum in praelium, et venit Bethsan.
42 Now when Tryphon saw that Jonathan came with a great army, he durst not stretch forth his hand against him,
Et vidit Tryphon quia venit Jonathas cum exercitu multo ut extenderet in eum manus : timuit,
43 But received him with honour, and commended him to all his friends, and gave him presents: and he commanded his troops to obey him, as himself.
et excepit eum cum honore, et commendavit eum omnibus amicis suis, et dedit ei munera : et praecepit exercitibus suis ut obedirent ei, sicut sibi.
44 And he said to Jonathan: Why hast thou troubled all the people, whereas we have no war?
Et dixit Jonathae : Ut quid vexasti universum populum, cum bellum nobis non sit?
45 Now therefore send them back to their own houses: and choose thee a few men that may be with thee, and come with me to Ptolemais, and I will deliver it to thee, and the rest of the strong holds, and the army, and all that have any charge, and I will return and go away: for this is the cause of my coming.
et nunc remitte eos in domos suas : elige autem tibi viros paucos, qui tecum sint, et veni mecum Ptolemaidam, et tradam eam tibi, et reliqua praesidia, et exercitum, et universos praepositos negotii : et conversus abibo : propterea enim veni.
46 And Jonathan believed him, and did as he said: and sent away his army, and they departed into the land of Juda:
Et credidit ei, et fecit sicut dixit : et dimisit exercitum, et abierunt in terram Juda.
47 But he kept with him three thousand men: of whom he sent two thousand into Galilee, and one thousand went with him.
Retinuit autem secum tria millia virorum : ex quibus remisit in Galilaeam duo millia : mille autem venerunt cum eo.
48 Now as soon as Jonathan entered into Ptolemais, they of Ptolemais shut the gates of the city, and took him: and all them that came in with him they slew with the sword.
Ut autem intravit Ptolemaidam Jonathas, clauserunt portas civitatis Ptolemenses, et comprehenderunt eum : et omnes qui cum eo intraverant, gladio interfecerunt.
49 Then Tryphon sent an army and horsemen into Galilee, and into the great plain to destroy all Jonathan's company.
Et misit Tryphon exercitum et equites in Galilaeam et in campum magnum, ut perderent omnes socios Jonathae.
50 But they, when they understood that Jonathan and all that were with him were taken and slain, encouraged one another, and went out ready for battle.
At illi cum cognovissent quia comprehensus est Jonathas, et periit, et omnes qui cum eo erant, hortati sunt semetipsos, et exierunt parati in praelium.
51 Then they that had come after them, seeing that they stood for their lives, returned back.
Et videntes hi qui insecuti fuerant, quia pro anima res est illis, reversi sunt :
52 Whereupon they all came peaceably into the land of Juda. And they bewailed Jonathan, and them that had been with him, exceedingly: and Israel mourned with great lamentation.
illi autem venerunt omnes cum pace in terram Juda. Et planxerunt Jonathan, et eos qui cum ipso fuerant, valde : et luxit Israel luctu magno.
53 Then all the heathens that were round about them, sought to destroy them. For they said:
Et quaesierunt omnes gentes quae erant in circuitu eorum conterere eos : dixerunt enim :
54 They have no prince, nor any to help them: now therefore let us make war upon them, and take away the memory of them from amongst men.
Non habent principem et adjuvantem : nunc ergo expugnemus illos, et tollamus de hominibus memoriam eorum.