Summa Theologiae by St Thomas Aquinas
XP: Treatise On Contrition
Q38 Of Those Who Confer This Sacrament
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We must now consider those who confer this sacrament. Under this head there are two points of inquiry:

A1 Whether a bishop alone can confer this sacrament?

A2 Whether a heretic or any other person cut off from the Church can confer this sacrament?