Summa Theologiae by St Thomas Aquinas
TP: Treatise On The Sacraments
Q72 Of The Sacrament Of Confirmation
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Of The Sacrament Of Confirmation (TWELVE ARTICLES)

We have now to consider the Sacrament of Confirmation. Concerning this there are twelve points of inquiry:

A1 Whether Confirmation is a sacrament?

A2 Its matter;

A3 Whether it is essential to the sacrament that the chrism should have been previously consecrated by a bishop?

A4 Its form;

A5 Whether it imprints a character?

A6 Whether the character of Confirmation presupposes the character of Baptism?

A7 Whether it bestows grace?

A8 Who is competent to receive this sacrament?

A9 In what part of the body?

A10 Whether someone is required to stand for the person to be confirmed?

A11 Whether this sacrament is given by bishops only?

A12 Of its rite.