Summa Theologiae by St Thomas Aquinas
FS: Treatise On Human Acts: Acts Peculiar To Man
Q21 Of The Consequences Of Human Actions By Reason Of Their Goodness And Malice
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We have now to consider the consequences of human actions by reason of their goodness and malice: and under this head there are four points of inquiry:

A1 Whether a human action is right or sinful by reason of its being good or evil?

A2 Whether it thereby deserves praise or blame?

A3 Whether accordingly, it is meritorious or demeritorious?

A4 Whether it is accordingly meritorious or demeritorious before God?