Summa Theologiae by St Thomas Aquinas
FS: Treatise On Human Acts: Acts Peculiar To Man
Q20 Of Goodness And Malice In External Human Affairs
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We must next consider goodness and malice as to external actions: under which head there are six points of inquiry:

A1 Whether goodness and malice is first in the act of the will, or in the external action?

A2 Whether the whole goodness or malice of the external action depends on the goodness of the will?

A3 Whether the goodness and malice of the interior act are the same as those of the external action?

A4 Whether the external action adds any goodness or malice to that of the interior act?

A5 Whether the consequences of an external action increase its goodness or malice?

A6 Whether one and the same external action can be both good and evil?