Summa Theologiae by St Thomas Aquinas
FP: Treatise On The Angels
Q63 The Malice Of The Angels With Regard To Sin
< previous   Prologue   next >

Prologue   A1   A2   A3   A4   A5   A6   A7   A8   A9  

In the next place we must consider how angels became evil: first of all with regard to the evil of fault; and secondly, as to the evil of punishment. Under the first heading there are nine points for consideration:

A1 Can there be evil of fault in the angels?

A2 What kind of sins can be in them?

A3 What did the angel seek in sinning?

A4 Supposing that some became evil by a sin of their own choosing, are any of them naturally evil?

A5 Supposing that it is not so, could any one of them become evil in the first instant of his creation by an act of his own will?

A6 Supposing that he did not, was there any interval between his creation and fall?

A7 Was the highest of them who fell, absolutely the highest among the angels?

A8 Was the sin of the foremost angel the cause of the others sinning?

A9 Did as many sin as remained steadfast?