The Jews are still molested by their neighbours. Judas gains divers victories over them. He orders sacrifice and prayers for the dead.
1 When these covenants were made, Lysias went to the king, and the Jews gave themselves to husbandry.
His factis pactionibus, Lysias pergebat ad regem, Judaei autem agriculturae operam dabant.
2 But they that were behind, namely, Timotheus and Apollonius the son of Genneus, also Hieronymus, and Demophon, and besides them Nicanor the governor of Cyprus, would not suffer them to live in peace, and to be quiet.
Sed hi qui resederant, Timotheus, et Apollonius Gennaei filius, sed et Hieronymus, et Demophon super hos, et Nicanor Cypriarches, non sinebant eos in silentio agere et quiete.
3 The men of Joppe also were guilty of this kind of wickedness: they desired the Jews who dwelt among them to go with their wives and children into the boats, which they had prepared, as though they had no enmity to them.
Joppitae vero tale quoddam flagitium perpetrarunt : rogaverunt Judaeos, cum quibus habitabant, ascendere scaphas, quas paraverant, cum uxoribus et filiis, quasi nullis inimicitiis inter eos subjacentibus.
4 Which when they had consented to, according to the common decree of the city, suspecting nothing, because of the peace: when they were gone forth into the deep, they drowned no fewer than two hundred of them.
Secundum commune itaque decretum civitatis, et ipsis acquiescentibus, pacisque causa nihil suspectum habentibus : cum in altum processissent, submerserunt non minus ducentos.
5 But as soon as Judas heard of this cruelty done to his countrymen, he commanded the men that were with him: and after having called upon God the just judge,
Quam crudelitatem Judas in suae gentis homines factam ut cognovit, praecepit viris qui erant cum ipso : et invocato justo judice Deo,
6 He came against those murderers of his brethren, and set the haven on fire in the night, burnt the boats, and slew with the sword them that escaped from the fire.
venit adversus interfectores fratrum, et portum quidem noctu succendit, scaphas exussit, eos autem qui ab igne refugerant, gladio peremit.
7 And when he had done these things in this manner, he departed as if he would return again, and root out all the Joppites.
Et cum haec ita egisset, discessit quasi iterum reversurus, et universos Joppitas eradicaturus.
8 But when he understood that the men of Jamnia also designed to do in like manner to the Jews that dwelt among them,
Sed cum cognovisset et eos, qui erant Jamniae, velle pari modo facere habitantibus secum Judaeis,
9 He came upon the Jamnites also by night, and set the haven on fire with the ships, so that the light of the fire was seen at Jerusalem two hundred and forty furlongs off.
Jamnitis quoque nocte supervenit, et portum cum navibus succendit : ita ut lumen ignis appareret Jerosolymis a stadiis ducentis quadraginta.
10 And when they were now gone from thence nine furlongs, and were marching towards Timotheus, five thousand footmen and five hundred horsemen of the Arabians set upon them.
Inde cum jam abiissent novem stadiis, et iter facerent ad Timotheum, commiserunt cum eo Arabes quinque millia viri, et equites quingenti.
11 And after a hard fight, in which by the help of God they got the victory, the rest of the Arabians being overcome, besought Judas for peace, promising to give him pastures, and to assist him in other things.
Cumque pugna valida fieret, et auxilio Dei prospere cessisset, residui Arabes victi, petebant a Juda dextram sibi dari, promittentes se pascua daturos, et in ceteris profuturos.
12 And Judas thinking that they might be profitable indeed in many things, promised them peace, and after having joined hands, they departed to their tents.
Judas autem arbitratus vere in multis eos utiles, promsit pacem : dextrisque acceptis, discessere ad tabernacula sua.
13 He also laid siege to a certain strong city, encompassed with bridges and walls, and inhabited by multitudes of different nations, the name of which is Casphin.
Aggressus est autem et civitatem quamdam firmam pontibus murisque circumseptam, quae a turbis habitabatur gentium promiscuarum : cui nomen Casphin.
14 But they that were within it, trusting in the strength of the walls, and the provision of victuals, behaved in a more negligent manner, and provoked Judas with railing and blaspheming, and uttering such words as were not to be spoken.
Hi vero qui intus erant, confidentes in stabilitate murorum, et apparatu alimoniarum, remissius agebant, maledictis lacessentes Judam, et blasphemantes, ac loquentes quae fas non est.
15 But Machabeus calling upon the great Lord of the world, who without any rams or engines of war threw down the walls of Jericho in the time of Josue, fiercely assaulted the walls.
Machabaeus autem, invocato magno mundi Principe, qui sine arietibus et machinis temporibus Jesu praecipitavit Jericho, irruit ferociter muris :
16 And having taken the city by the will of the Lord, he made an unspeakable slaughter, so that a pool adjoining of two furlongs broad seemed to run with the blood of the slain.
et capta civitate per Domini voluntatem innumerabiles caedes fecit, ita ut adjacens stagnum stadiorum duorum latitudinis sanguine interfectorum fluere videretur.
17 From thence they departed seven hundred and fifty furlongs, and came to Characa to the Jews that are called Tubianites.
Inde discesserunt stadia septingenta quinquaginta, et venerunt in Characa ad eos, qui dicuntur Tubianaei, Judaeos :
18 But as for Timotheus, they found him not in those places, for before he had dispatched any thing he went back, having left a very strong garrison in a certain hold:
et Timotheum quidem in illis locis non comprehenderunt, nulloque negotio perfecto regressus est, relicto in quodam loco firmissimo praesidio.
19 But Dositheus, and Sosipater, who were captains with Machabeus, slew them that were left by Timotheus in the hold, to the number of ten thousand men.
Dositheus autem et Sosipater, qui erant duces cum Machabaeo, peremerunt a Timotheo relictos in praesidio, decem millia viros.
20 And Machabeus having set in order about him six thousand men, and divided them by bands, went forth against Timotheus, who had with him a hundred and twenty thousand footmen, and two thousand five hundred horsemen.
At Machabaeus, ordinatis circum se sex millibus, et constitutis per cohortes, adversus Timotheum processit, habentem secum centum viginti millia peditum, equitumque duo millia quingentos.
21 Now when Timotheus had knowledge of the coming of Judas, he sent the women and children, and the other baggage before him into a fortress, called Carnion: for it was impregnable and hard to come at, by reason of the straitness of the places.
Cognito autem Judae adventu, Timotheus praemisit mulieres, et filios, et reliquum apparatum, in praesidium, quod Carnion dicitur : erat enim inexpugnabile, et accessu difficile propter locorum angustias.
22 But when the first band of Judas came in sight, the enemies were struck with fear, by the presence of God, who seeth all things, and they were put to flight one from another, so that they were often thrown down by their own companions, and wounded with the strokes of their own swords.
Cumque cohors Judae prima apparuisset, timor hostibus incussus est, ex praesentia Dei, qui universa conspicit, et in fugam versi sunt alius ab alio, ita ut magis a suis dejicerentur, et gladiorum suorum ictibus debilitarentur.
23 But Judas was vehemently earnest in punishing the profane, of whom he slew thirty thousand men.
Judas autem vehementer instabat puniens profanos, et prostravit ex eis triginta millia virorum.
24 And Timotheus himself fell into the hands of the band of Dositheus and Sosipater, and with many prayers he besought them to let him go with his life, because he had the parents and brethren of many of the Jews, who, by his death, might happen to be deceived.
Ipse vero Timotheus incidit in partes Dosithei et Sosipatris : et multis precibus postulabat ut vivus dimitteretur, eo quod multorum ex Judaeis parentes haberet, ac fratres, quos morte ejus decipi eveniret.
25 And when he had given his faith that he would restore them according to the agreement, they let him go without hurt, for the saving of their brethren.
Et cum fidem dedisset restituturum se eos secundum constitutum, illaesum eum dimiserunt propter fratrum salutem.
26 Then Judas went away to Carnion, where he slew five and twenty thousand persons.
Judas autem egressus est ad Carnion, interfectis viginti quinque millibus.
27 And after he had put to flight and destroyed these, he removed his army to Ephron, a strong city, wherein there dwelt a multitude of divers nations: and stout young men standing upon the walls made a vigorous resistance: and in this place there were many engines of war, and a provision of darts.
Post horum fugam et necem, movit exercitum ad Ephron civitatem munitam, in qua multitudo diversarum gentium habitabat : et robusti juvenes pro muris consistentes fortiter repugnabant : in hac autem machinae multae, et telorum erat apparatus.
28 But when they had invocated the Almighty, who with his power breaketh the strength of the enemies, they took the city; and slew five and twenty thousand of them that were within.
Sed cum Omnipotentem invocassent, qui potestate sua vires hostium confringit, ceperunt civitatem : et ex eis, qui intus erant, viginti quinque millia prostraverunt.
29 From thence they departed to Scythopolis, which lieth six hundred furlongs from Jerusalem.
Inde ad civitatem Scytharum abierunt, quae ab Jerosolymis sexcentis stadiis aberat.
30 But the Jews that were among the Scythopolitans testifying that they were used kindly by them, and that even in the times of their adversity they had treated them with humanity:
Contestantibus autem his, qui apud Scythopolitas erant, Judaeis, quod benigne ab eis haberentur, etiam temporibus infelicitatis quod modeste secum egerint :
31 They gave them thanks exhorting them to be still friendly to their nation, and so they came to Jerusalem, the feast of the weeks being at hand.
gratias agentes eis, et exhortati etiam de cetero erga genus suum benignos esse, venerunt Jerosolymam die solemni septimanarum instante.
32 And after Pentecost they marched against Gorgias the governor of Idumea.
Et post Pentecosten abierunt contra Gorgiam praepositum Idumaeae.
33 And he came out with three thousand footmen, and four hundred horsemen.
Exivit autem cum peditibus tribus millibus, et equitibus quadringentis.
34 And when they had joined battle, it happened that a few of the Jews were slain.
Quibus congressis, contigit paucos ruere Judaeorum.
35 But Dositheus, a horseman, one of Bacenor's band, a valiant man, took hold of Gorgias: and when he would have taken him alive, a certain horseman of the Thracians came upon him, and cut off his shoulder: and so Gorgias escaped to Maresa.
Dositheus vero quidem de Bacenoris eques, vir fortis, Gorgiam tenebat : et, cum vellet illum capere vivum, eques quidam de Thracibus irruit in eum, humerumque ejus amputavit : atque ita Gorgias effugit in Maresa.
36 But when they that were with Esdrin had fought long, and were weary, Judas called upon the Lord to be their helper, and leader of the battle:
At illis, qui cum Esdrim erant, diutius pugnantibus et fatigatis, invocavit Judas Dominum adjutorem, et ducem belli fieri :
37 Then beginning in his own language, and singing hymns with a loud voice, he put Gorgias' soldiers to flight.
incipiens voce patria, et cum hymnis clamorem extollens, fugam Gorgiae militibus incussit.
38 So Judas having gathered together his army, came into the city Odollam: and when the seventh day came, they purified themselves according to the custom, and kept the sabbath in the place.
Judas autem collecto exercitu venit in civitatem Odollam : et cum septima dies superveniret, secundum consuetudinem purificati, in eodem loco sabbatum egerunt.
39 And the day following Judas came with his company, to take away the bodies of them that were slain, and to bury them with their kinsmen, in the sepulchres of their fathers.
Et sequenti die venit cum suis Judas, ut corpora prostratorum tolleret, et cum parentibus poneret in sepulchris paternis.
40 And they found under the coats of the slain some of the donaries of the idols of Jamnia, which the law forbiddeth to the Jews: so that all plainly saw, that for this cause they were slain.
Invenerunt autem sub tunicis interfectorum de donariis idolorum, quae apud Jamniam fuerunt, a quibus lex prohibet Judaeos : omnibus ergo manifestum factum est, ob hanc causam eos corruisse.
41 Then they all blessed the just judgment of the Lord, who had discovered the things that were hidden.
Omnes itaque benedixerunt justum judicium Domini, qui occulta fecerat manifesta :
42 And so betaking themselves to prayers, they besought him, that the sin which had been committed might be forgotten. But the most valiant Judas exhorted the people to keep themselves from sin, forasmuch as they saw before their eyes what had happened, because of the sins of those that were slain.
atque ita ad preces conversi, rogaverunt ut id quod factum erat, delictum oblivioni traderetur. At vero fortissimus Judas hortabatur populum conservare se sine peccato, sub oculis videntes quae facta sunt pro peccatis eorum qui prostrati sunt.
43 And making a gathering, he sent twelve thousand drachms of silver to Jerusalem for sacrifice to be offered for the sins of the dead, thinking well and religiously concerning the resurrection,
Et facta collatione, duodecim millia drachmas argenti misit Jerosolymam offerri pro peccatis mortuorum sacrificium, bene et religiose de resurrectione cogitans
44 (For if he had not hoped that they that were slain should rise again, it would have seemed superfluous and vain to pray for the dead,)
( nisi enim eos, qui ceciderant, resurrecturos speraret, superfluum videretur, et vanum, orare pro mortuis),
45 And because he considered that they who had fallen asleep with godliness, had great grace laid up for them.
et quia considerabat quod hi qui cum pietate dormitionem acceperant, optimam haberent repositam gratiam.
46 It is therefore a holy and wholesome thought to pray for the dead, that they may be loosed from sins.
Sancta ergo et salubris est cogitatio pro defunctis exorare, ut a peccatis solvantur.