The duty of the watchman appointed by God: the justice of God's ways: his judgments upon the Jews.
 And the word of the Lord came to me, saying:
Et factum est verbum Domini ad me, dicens :
 Son of man, speak to the children of thy people, and say to them: When I bring the sword upon a land, if the people of the land take a man, one of their meanest, and make him a watchman over them:
Fili hominis, loquere ad filios populi tui, et dices ad eos : Terra, cum induxero super eam gladium, et tulerit populus terrae virum unum de novissimis suis, et constituerit eum super se speculatorem :
 And he see the sword coming upon the land, and sound the trumpet, and tell the people:
et ille viderit gladium venientem super terram, et cecinerit buccina, et annuntiaverit populo :
 Then he that heareth the sound of the trumpet, whosoever he be, and doth not look to himself, if the sword come, and cut him off: his blood shall be upon his own head.
audiens autem, quisquis ille est, sonitum buccinae, et non se observaverit, veneritque gladius, et tulerit eum, sanguis ipsius super caput ejus erit.
 He heard the sound of the trumpet and did not look to himself, his blood shall be upon him: but if he look to himself, he shall save his life.
Sonum buccinae audivit, et non se observavit : sanguis ejus in ipso erit; si autem se custodierit, animam suam salvabit.
 And if the watchman see the sword coming, and sound not the trumpet: and the people look not to themselves, and the sword come, and cut off a soul from among them: he indeed is taken away in his iniquity, but I will require his blood at the hand of the watchman.
Quod si speculator viderit gladium venientem, et non insonuerit buccina, et populus se non custodierit, veneritque gladius, et tulerit de eis animam : ille quidem in iniquitate sua captus est, sanguinem autem ejus de manu speculatoris requiram.
 So thou, O son of man, I have made thee a watchman to the house of Israel: therefore thou shalt hear the word from my mouth, and shalt tell it them from me.
Et tu, fili hominis, speculatorem dedi te domui Israel : audiens ergo ex ore meo sermonem, annuntiabis eis ex me.
 When I say to the wicked: O wicked man, thou shalt surely die: if thou dost not speak to warn the wicked man from his way: that wicked man shall die in his iniquity, but I will require his blood at thy hand.
Si me dicente ad impium : Impie, morte morieris : non fueris locutus ut se custodiat impius a via sua, ipse impius in iniquitate sua morietur, sanguinem autem ejus de manu tua requiram.
 But if thou tell the wicked man, that he may be converted from his ways, and he be not converted from his way: he shall die in his iniquity: but thou hast delivered thy soul.
Si autem annuntiante te ad impium ut a viis suis convertatur, non fuerit conversus a via sua, ipse in iniquitate sua morietur, porro tu animam tuam liberasti.
 Thou therefore, O son of man, say to the house of Israel: Thus you have spoken, saying: Our iniquities, and our sins are upon us, and we pine away in them: how then can we live?
Tu ergo, fili hominis, dic ad domum Israel : Sic locuti estis, dicentes : Iniquitates nostrae et peccata nostra super nos sunt, et in ipsis nos tabescimus : quomodo ergo vivere poterimus?
 Say to them: As I live, saith the Lord God, I desire not the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn from his way, and live. Turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways: and why will you die, O house of Israel?
Dic ad eos : Vivo ego, dicit Dominus Deus, nolo mortem impii, sed ut convertatur impius a via sua, et vivat. Convertimini, convertimini a viis vestris pessimis : et quare moriemini, domus Israel?
 Thou therefore, O son of man, say to the children of thy people: The justice of the just shall not deliver him, in what day soever he shall sin: and the wickedness of the wicked shall not hurt him, in what day soever he shall turn from his wickedness: and the just shall not be able to live in his justice, in what day soever he shall sin.
Tu itaque, fili hominis, dic ad filios populi tui : Justitia justi non liberabit eum, in quacumque die peccaverit : et impietas impii non nocebit ei, in quacumque die conversus fuerit ab impietate sua : et justus non poterit vivere in justitia sua, in quacumque die peccaverit.
 Yea, if I shall say to the just that he shall surely live, and he, trusting in his justice, commit iniquity: all his justices shall be forgotten, and in his iniquity, which he hath committed, in the same shall he die.
Etiamsi dixero justo quod vita vivat, et confisus in justitia sua fecerit iniquitatem, omnes justitiae ejus oblivioni tradentur, et in iniquitate sua quam operatus est, in ipsa morietur.
 And if I shall say to the wicked: Thou shalt surely die: and he do penance for his sin, and do judgment and justice,
Si autem dixero impio : Morte morieris : et egerit poenitentiam a peccato suo, feceritque judicium et justitiam,
 And if that wicked man restore the pledge, and render what he had robbed, and walk in the commandments of life, and do no unjust thing: he shall surely live, and shall not die.
et pignus restituerit ille impius, rapinamque reddiderit, in mandatis vitae ambulaverit, nec fecerit quidquam injustum, vita vivet, et non morietur.
 None of his sins, which he hath committed, shall be imputed to him: he hath done judgment and justice, he shall surely live.
Omnia peccata ejus, quae peccavit, non imputabuntur ei : judicium et justitiam fecit : vita vivet.
 And the children of thy people have said: The way of the Lord is not equitable: whereas their own way is unjust.
Et dixerunt filii populi tui : Non est aequi ponderis via Domini : et ipsorum via injusta est.
 For when the just shall depart from his justice, and commit iniquities, he shall die in them.
Cum enim recesserit justus a justitia sua, feceritque iniquitates, morietur in eis.
 And when the wicked shall depart from his wickedness, and shall do judgments, and justice: he shall live in them.
Et cum recesserit impius ab impietate sua, feceritque judicium et justitiam, vivet in eis.
 And you say: The way of the Lord is not right, I will judge every one of you according to his ways, O house of Israel.
Et dicitis : Non est recta via Domini. Unumquemque juxta vias suas judicabo de vobis, domus Israel.
 And it came to pass in the twelfth year of our captivity, in the tenth month, in the fifth day of the month, that there came to me one that was fled from Jerusalem, saying: The city is laid waste.
Et factum est in duodecimo anno, in decimo mense, in quinta mensis transmigrationis nostrae, venit ad me qui fugerat de Jerusalem, dicens : Vastata est civitas.
 And the hand of the Lord had been upon me in the evening, before he that was fled came: and he opened my mouth till he came to me in the morning, and my mouth being opened, I was silent no more.
Manus autem Domini facta fuerat ad me vespere, antequam veniret qui fugerat : aperuitque os meum donec veniret ad me mane : et aperto ore meo, non silui amplius.
 And the word of the Lord came to me, saying:
Et factum est verbum Domini ad me, dicens :
 Son of man, they that dwell in these ruinous places in the land of Israel, speak, saying: Abraham was one, and he inherited the land, but we are many, the land is given us in possession.
Fili hominis, qui habitant in ruinosis his super humum Israel, loquentes aiunt : Unus erat Abraham, et haereditate possedit terram : nos autem multi sumus : nobis data est terra in possessionem.
 Therefore say to them: Thus saith the Lord God, You that eat with the blood and lift up your eyes to your uncleannesses, and that shed blood: shall you possess the land by inheritance?
Idcirco dices ad eos : Haec dicit Dominus Deus : Qui in sanguine comeditis, et oculos vestros levatis ad immunditias vestras, et sanguinem funditis, numquid terram haereditate possidebitis?
 You stood on your swords, you have committed abominations, and every one hath defiled his neighbour's wife; and shall you possess the land by inheritance?
stetistis in gladiis vestris, fecistis abominationes, et unusquisque uxorem proximi sui polluit : et terram haereditate possidebitis?
 Say thou thus to them: Thus saith the Lord God: As I live, they that dwell in the ruinous places, shall fall by the sword: and he that is in the field, shall be given to the beasts to be devoured: and they that are in holds, and caves, shall die of the pestilence.
Haec dices ad eos : Sic dicit Dominus Deus : Vivo ego, quia qui in ruinosis habitant, gladio cadent : et qui in agro est, bestiis tradetur ad devorandum : qui autem in praesidiis et speluncis sunt, peste morientur.
 And I will make the land a wilderness, and a desert, and the proud strength thereof shall fail, and the mountains of Israel shall be desolate, because there is none to pass by them.
Et dabo terram in solitudinem et in desertum, et deficiet superba fortitudo ejus : et desolabuntur montes Israel, eo quod nullus sit qui per eos transeat :
 And they shall know that I am the Lord, when I shall have made their land waste and desolate, for all their abominations which they have committed.
et scient quia ego Dominus, cum dedero terram eorum desolatam et desertam, propter universas abominationes suas, quas operati sunt.
 And thou son of man: the children of thy people, that talk of thee by the walls, and in the doors of the houses, and speak one to another each man to his neighbour, saying: Come, and let us hear what is the word that cometh forth from the Lord.
Et tu, fili hominis, filii populi tui, qui loquuntur de te juxta muros et in ostiis domorum, et dicunt unus ad alterum, vir ad proximum suum, loquentes : Venite, et audiamus quis sit sermo egrediens a Domino.
 And they come to thee, as if a people were coming in, and my people sit before thee: and hear thy words, and do them not: for they turn them into a song of their mouth, and their heart goeth after their covetousness.
Et veniunt ad te, quasi si ingrediatur populus, et sedent coram te populus meus : et audiunt sermones tuos, et non faciunt eos, quia in canticum oris sui vertunt illos, et avaritiam suam sequitur cor eorum.
 And thou art to them as a musical song which is sung with a sweet and agreeable voice: and they hear thy words, and do them not.
Et es eis quasi carmen musicum, quod suavi dulcique sono canitur : et audiunt verba tua, et non faciunt ea.
 And when that which was foretold shall come to pass, (for behold it is coming,) then shall they know that a prophet hath been among them.
Et cum venerit quod praedictum est ( ecce enim venit), tunc scient quod prophetes fuerit inter eos.