Mardochai is advanced: Aman's letters are reversed.
 On that day king Assuerus gave the house of Aman, the Jews' enemy, to queen Esther, and Mardochai came in before the king. For Esther had confessed to him that he was her uncle.
Die illo dedit rex Assuerus Esther reginae domum Aman adversarii Judaeorum, et Mardochaeus ingressus est ante faciem regis. Confessa est enim ei Esther quod esset patruus suus.
 And the king took the ring which he had commanded to be taken again from Aman, and gave it to Mardochai. And Esther set Mardochai over her house.
Tulitque rex annulum, quem ab Aman recipi jusserat, et tradidit Mardochaeo. Esther autem constituit Mardochaeum super domum suam.
 And not content with these things, she fell down at the king's feet and wept, and speaking to him besought him, that he would give orders that the malice of Aman the Agagite, and his most wicked devices which he had invented against the Jews, should be of no effect.
Nec his contenta, procidit ad pedes regis, flevitque et locuta ad eum oravit ut malitiam Aman Agagitae, et machinationes ejus pessimas, quas excogitaverat contra Judaeos, juberet irritas fieri.
 But he, as the manner was, held out the golden sceptre with his hand, which was the sign of clemency: and she arose up and stood before him,
At ille ex more sceptrum aureum protendit manu, quo signum clementiae monstrabatur : illaque consurgens stetit ante eum,
 And said: If it please the king, and if I have found favour in his sight, and my request be not disagreeable to him, I beseech thee, that the former letters of Aman the traitor and enemy of the Jews, by which he commanded that they should be destroyed in all the king's provinces, may be reversed by new letters.
et ait : Si placet regi, et si inveni gratiam in oculis ejus, et deprecatio mea non ei videtur esse contraria, obsecro, ut novis epistolis, veteres Aman litterae, insidiatoris et hostis Judaeorum, quibus eos in cunctis regis provinciis perire praeceperat, corrigantur.
 For how can I endure the murdering and slaughter of my people?
Quomodo enim potero sustinere necem et interfectionem populi mei?
 And king Assuerus answered Esther the queen, and Mardochai the Jew: I have given Aman's house to Esther, and I have commanded him to be hanged on a gibbet, because he durst lay hands on the Jews.
Responditque rex Assuerus Esther reginae, et Mardochaeo Judaeo : Domum Aman concessi Esther, et ipsum jussi affigi cruci, quia ausus est manum mittere in Judaeos.
 Write ye therefore to the Jews, as it pleaseth you, in the king's name, and seal the letters with my ring. For this was the custom, that no man durst gainsay the letters which were sent in the king's name, and were sealed with his ring.
Scribite ergo Judaeis, sicut vobis placet, regis nomine, signantes litteras annulo meo. Haec enim consuetudo erat, ut epistolis, quae ex regis nomine mittebantur, et illius annulo signatae erant, nemo auderet contradicere.
 Then the king's scribes and secretaries were called for (now it was the time of the third month which is called Siban) the three and twentieth day of the month, and letters were written, as Mardochai had a mind, to the Jews, and to the governors, and to the deputies, and to the judges, who were rulers over the hundred and twenty-seven provinces, from India even to Ethiopia: to province and province, to people and people, according to their languages and characters, and to the Jews, according as they could read and hear.
Accitisque scribis et librariis regis ( erat autem tempus tertii mensis, qui appellatur Siban) vigesima et tertia die illius scriptae sunt epistolae, ut Mardochaeus voluerat, ad Judaeos, et ad principes, procuratoresque et judices, qui centum viginti septem provinciis ab India usque ad Aethiopiam praesidebant : provinciae atque provinciae, populo et populo juxta linguas et litteras suas, et Judaeis, prout legere poterant, et audire.
 And these letters which were sent in the king's name, were sealed with his ring, and sent by posts: who were to run through all the provinces, to prevent the former letters with new messages.
Ipsaeque epistolae, quae regis nomine mittebantur, annulo ipsius obsignatae sunt, et missae per veredarios : qui per omnes provincias discurrentes, veteres litteras novis nuntiis praevenirent.
 And the king gave orders to them, to speak to the Jews in every city, and to command them to gather themselves together, and to stand for their lives, and to kill and destroy all their enemies with their wives and children and all their houses, and to take their spoil.
Quibus imperavit rex, ut convenirent Judaeos per singulas civitates, et in unum praeciperent congregari ut starent pro animabus suis, et omnes inimicos suos cum conjugibus ac liberis et universis domibus, interficerent atque delerent, et spolia eorum diriperent.
 And one day of revenge was appointed through all the provinces, to wit, the thirteenth of the twelfth month Adar.
Et constituta est per omnes provincias una ultionis dies, id est tertiadecima mensis duodecimi Adar.
 And this was the content of the letter, that it should be notified in all lands and peoples that were subject to the empire of king Assuerus, that the Jews were ready to be revenged of their enemies.
Summaque epistolae haec fuit, ut in omnibus terris ac populis, qui regis Assueri subjacebant imperio, notum fieret paratos esse Judaeos ad capiendam vindictam de hostibus suis.
 So the swift posts went out carrying the messages, and the king's edict was hung up in Susan.
Egressique sunt veredarii celeres nuntia perferentes, et edictum regis pependit in Susan.
 And Mardochai going forth out of the palace, and from the king's presence, shone in royal apparel, to wit, of violet and sky colour, wearing a golden crown on his head, and clothed with a cloak of silk and purple. And all the city rejoiced and was glad.
Mardochaeus autem de palatio, et de conspectu regis egrediens, fulgebat vestibus regiis, hyacinthinis videlicet et aeriis, coronam auream portans in capite, et amictus serico pallio atque purpureo. Omnisque civitas exultavit, atque laetata est.
 But to the Jews a new light seemed to rise, joy, honour, and dancing.
Judaeis autem nova lux oriri visa est, gaudium, honor, et tripudium.
 And in all peoples, cities, and provinces, whithersoever the king's commandments came, there was wonderful rejoicing, feasts and banquets, and keeping holy day: insomuch that many of other nations and religion, joined themselves to their worship and ceremonies. For a great dread of the name of the Jews had fallen upon all.
Apud omnes populos, urbes, atque provincias, quocumque regis jussa veniebant, mira exultatio, epulae atque convivia, et festus dies : in tantum ut plures alterius gentis et sectae eorum religioni et caeremoniis jungerentur. Grandis enim cunctos judaici nominis terror invaserat.