Douay-Rheims Bible + Challoner Notes
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God expostulates with the Jews for their ingratitude and sins: for which they shall be punished.

[1] Hear ye what the Lord saith: Arise, contend thou in judgment against the mountains, and let the hills hear thy voice. [2] Let the mountains hear the judgment of the Lord, and the strong foundations of the earth: for the Lord will enter into judgment with his people, and he will plead against Israel. [3] O my people, what have I done to thee, or in what have I molested thee? answer thou me. [4] For I brought thee up out of the land of Egypt, and delivered thee out of the house of slaves: and I sent before thy face Moses, and Aaron, and Mary. [5] O my people, remember, I pray thee, what Balach the king of Moab purposed: and what Balaam the son of Beor answered him, from Setim to Galgal, that thou mightest know the justices of the Lord.

[1] "The mountains": That is, the great ones, the princes of the people.

[5] "From Setim to Galgal": He puts them in mind of the favour he did them, in not suffering them to be quite destroyed by the evil purpose of Balach, and the wicked counsel of Balaam: and then gives them a hint of the wonders he wrought, in order to bring them into the land of Promise, by stopping the course of the Jordan, in their march from Setim to Galgal.

[6] What shall I offer to the Lord that is worthy? wherewith shall I kneel before the high God? shall I offer holocausts unto him, and calves of a year old? [7] May the Lord be appeased with thousands of rams, or with many thousands of fat he goats? shall I give my firstborn for my wickedness, the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul? [8] I will shew thee, O man, what is good, and what the Lord requireth of thee: Verily, to do judgment, and to love mercy, and to walk solicitous with thy God. [9] The voice of the Lord crieth to the city, and salvation shall be to them that fear thy name: hear, O ye tribes, and who shall approve it? [10] As yet there is a fire in the house of the wicked, the treasures of iniquity, and a scant measure full of wrath.

[6] "What shall I offer": This is spoken in the person of the people, desiring to be informed what they are to do to please God.

[10] "Full of wrath": That is, highly provoking in the sight of God.

[11] Shall I justify wicked balances, and the deceitful weights of the bag? [12] By which her rich men were filled with iniquity, and the inhabitants thereof have spoken lies, and their tongue was deceitful in their mouth. [13] And I therefore began to strike thee with desolation for thy sins. [14] Thou shalt eat, but shalt not be filled: and thy humiliation shall be in the midst of thee: and thou shalt take hold, but shalt not save: and those whom thou shalt save, I will give up to the sword. [15] Thou shalt sow, but shalt not reap: thou shalt tread the olives, but shalt not be anointed with the oil: and the new wine, but shalt not drink the wine.

[16] For thou hast kept the statutes of Amri, and all the works of the house of Achab: and thou hast walked according to their wills, that I should make thee a desolation, and the inhabitants thereof a hissing, and you shall bear the reproach of my people.

[16] "The statutes of Amri": The wicked ways of Amri and Achab, idolatrous kings.

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